Boxing, as a sport, was officially recognized in England in 1719. Then the popular boxer and fencer James Figg was recognized as the strongest boxer in England. Since then, England regularly keep records of their tournaments. The first sports report about a boxing match was published again in England in 1681 in the newspaper Protestant Mercury. Influential persons present were listed in that report, and the name of the winner was never named. It is known about the fights held in the 13th century, and the origins of boxing go back in time.
In the vicinity of Baghdad, archaeologists found two tiles with images of wrestlers and boxers, who are estimated to be about 5 thousand years old.
According to some legends, the founder of fisticuffs was the hero of Athens Theseus, according to others, the son of Poseidon and the nymph Melia, King Amykus. But, of course, every nation has its own mythical hero.
In the Olympics programs, fist fights appeared at 23 games. The first Olympic champion was Greek Onomastus. Public fist fights were popular in ancient Rome. Emperor Caligula brought slaves of strong physique from Africa and arranged fights between them, and one of the slaves was given to the winner as a reward. The ancient Greek boxer Tagenes is also known, which until now no one can surpass. He won in 1,425 battles.
The first battles were fought with bare fists, then leather belts began to be wound, strengthening hands and fingers. These belts were the prototype of modern gloves.
The official date of birth of professional boxing is considered to be 1892. This year, a legendary duel was held between Sullivan and Corbett. Sullivan, the last-ever world champion in the fists, lost by knockout in the 21st round.
Since professional boxing is primarily entertainment, and the athlete’s earnings depended on the outcome of the duel, he used to be brutal. Rather, it could be called a fight. Kicks, elbows, various grabs and throws, punches below the waist, beating a recumbent, poking fingers in the eyes were allowed. This lasted until the mid-18th century, and header attacks were also allowed in the early 19th century, although they were not encouraged.