Sharp blows, precisely aimed at strictly defined places on the body, can have a knockout effect, i.e., lead the boxer to a short-term loss of combat capability. The most vulnerable places on the body are (Fig. 29): lower jaw – 1, lateral surface of the neck ( region of the carotid artery) – 2, chest on the left (region of the heart) – 3, upper abdomen (region of the solar plexus) – 4 and right hypochondrium (region of the liver) – 5.
Fig. 29. The most vulnerable places for blows on the body of a boxer.
Each boxer at all moments of the fight must be able to especially carefully protect the named places. Classification of boxing defenses. You can avoid hitting the waste back and to the side, tilting the body and parrying blows with your hands. Almost all of the protective actions allowed by the rules are exhausted by these protective equipment, which has been identified by many years of boxing practice. In the boxing technique, five main types of protection are distinguished (Fig. 30): stand and rebound (with hand movements), slope and dive (with body movements) and leaving (with movements) legs). In parentheses are indicated only the basic movements when performing protection. It should be remembered that none of the known defenses is unthinkable without a coordinated combination of movements of the arms, legs and body. All these types of defenses, like blows, are structurally different. Each type of protection is performed in a certain way. For example, you can substitute the palm or the back of the hand, the shoulder or the bent arm pressed to the body under the opponent’s fist, repel the blow with the left hand to the left and the right –– deviate from the blow to the right, left, back –– make a dive under the opponent’s beating hand to the right and left –– leave from a strike a step back or to the side. This or another method of defense depends on the type of strike, on which hand the enemy strikes, on the target chosen by the opponent to strike (head, trunk). So, diving and slope protection is used exclusively from blows to the head. The main role in choosing the means of defense in a fight is played by the tactical intentions of the boxer. Boxing rules and sporting ethics require the participants of the battle to use cleanliness of techniques in any competition conditions, oblige the boxer not to use prohibited means of defense (grab the opponent’s hands, hold them and strike at this time ) The training of a boxer should be based on the means of protection accepted and permitted in boxing. In boxing sports equipment, protection methods that turn boxing into a fight cannot be allowed. Systematization of defenses. Having determined the basic boxing attacks and all the rational ways to defend against them, the trainer must bring the protective actions into a harmonious system.